How to Close Scanner in Java: A Brief Guide

So, you’ve been tinkering with Java, the language of endless possibilities in the programming world. But wait, what’s this about closing scanners? Are we talking about shutting down some futuristic spy equipment? Not quite! Let’s dive into the world of Java and unravel the mystery of closing scanners in a way that’s both informative and entertaining.

Java: The Playground of Programmers

Before we get into the nitty-gritty of closing scanners, let’s take a moment to appreciate Java itself. Created by James Gosling at Sun Microsystems in 1995, Java has since become one of the most widely used programming languages in the world. Its “write once, run anywhere” philosophy and vast ecosystem of libraries and frameworks make it a favorite among developers for everything from web applications to mobile apps and enterprise software.

What Does “Close Scanner” Mean in Java?

Alright, back to the task at hand – closing scanners. But first, what exactly is a scanner in Java? A scanner is a class in Java’s java.util package that allows you to read input from different sources. You can use both a file or the keyboard.

Why is Closing Scanner Important?

You might be wondering, “Why bother closing a scanner? Can’t we just leave it be?” Well, my curious friend, neglecting to close a scanner can lead to resource leaks and potential memory issues in your Java program. When you open a scanner to read input, it consumes system resources. Failing to close it properly can result in these resources not being released back to the system, leading to inefficiency and, in extreme cases, program crashes. By the way, once a scanner is closed in Java, it cannot be reopened.

Ways to Close a Scanner in Java

Now that we understand the importance of closing scanners, let’s explore the various ways to do so in Java:

1. Using the close() Method

The most straightforward way to close a scanner is by calling its close() method. This method releases any system resources associated with the scanner and closes the underlying stream. Here’s how you can do it:

2. Utilizing the try-with-resources Statement

Java introduced the try-with-resources statement in Java 7, providing a convenient way to automatically close resources like scanners at the end of a block. Here’s how you can use it:

3. Closing Scanner in a Finally Block

If you’re not using Java 7 or above, or if you prefer the traditional approach, you can close the scanner in a finally block to ensure it gets closed regardless of whether an exception occurs:


And there you have it – a whimsical journey through the realm of closing scanners in Java! Remember, while it may seem like a small detail, properly closing scanners is crucial for maintaining the health and efficiency of your Java programs. Whether you opt for the straightforward close() method, the elegant try-with-resources statement, or the reliable finally block, make sure to close those scanners and keep your code running smoothly.


  1. Can I reopen a scanner after closing it in Java? No, once a scanner is closed in Java, it cannot be reopened. You’ll need to create a new scanner instance if you require further input reading.
  2. What happens if I forget to close a scanner in Java? Forgetting to close a scanner can lead to resource leaks and potential memory issues in your Java program. It’s best practice to always close scanners when you’re done using them.
  3. Does closing a scanner also close the underlying input source in Java? Yes, when you close a scanner in Java, it also closes the underlying input source, such as for keyboard input or a file input stream.
  4. Is it necessary to close scanners when reading from standard input in Java? While Java automatically closes standard input ( when the program exits, it’s still good practice to close scanners explicitly to release system resources promptly.
  5. Can I close a scanner multiple times in Java? Yes, you can call the close() method on a scanner multiple times without any adverse effects. However, it’s unnecessary and redundant to do so. Once closed, the scanner cannot be used for further input reading.
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